NEWS: Probiotics May Provide Help with Allergies

By now, everyone knows that probiotics, whether you get them from food or a supplement, drastically help to improve the gut health and overall digestive systems in our bodies. But did you know that they could also help allergy sufferers? It’s true. A study says that a certain combination of probiotics could help ease the symptoms of hay fever if it’s taken during allergy season.

The probiotic combination providing this relief includes lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. Researchers believe the reason this specific combo might work so well for allergy sufferers is because it increases the body’s percentage of regulatory T-cells. T-cells are a specific types of white blood cells, or lymphocytes, that work in the body to recognize invaders like bacteria, viruses or parasites and then produce effective weapons against them. Some T-cells kill virus cells directly. These white blood cells work 24-hours a day to keep us healthy.

“Not all probiotics work for allergies. This one did,” said Jennifer Dennis, the study’s first author and a doctoral student in the UF Food Science and Human Nutrition department in UF’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

Researchers at the University of Florida put this theory to the test when, at the peak of allergy season, they gathered 173 allergy sufferers. They split them into two groups, giving one group the probiotic combination and a placebo to the second. The experiment went for eight weeks, and each week, as a check-in process, the study participants completed an online survey to describe the level of discomfort they were feeling. DNA from the participants’ stool samples were also analyzed to chart how their bacteria changed. Because probiotics send good bacteria to the body’s intestines, the DNA samples also served as confirmation that the participants were actually taking the probiotic.

Those who received the probiotic combo said they felt better overall. They also had less allergy-related nose discomfort and felt better while doing day-to-day activities, compared to those who were just given the placebo, according to the study.

While this is a big find for probiotic fans and people plagued with allergies, it’s important to note that no one in the study was considered an extreme or severe allergy sufferer. So don’t toss your favorite hay fever symptom remedy in the trash just yet. Using probiotics to treat hay fever symptoms probably would work best for those who suffer from mild allergies.

Want more useful health tips? Keep reading:

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Surprising Benefits of Probiotics for Dogs

If you’ve ever had to clean up after your pet had an diarrhea “accident” in the house— you never want to do it again. The good news is, there might be a way to prevent it from ever happening again. Give your pet probiotics. (Probiotics are beneficial bacteria and other microbes that help the digestive system.)

Supplementing your diet with good bacteria helps digestion, but can it really help dogs or cats?

Let’s take a closer look…

Dog-Specific Probiotics?

Probiotics for dogs come in different forms, including chews, capsules, and powders. They contain certain types of “good” bacteria that are typically found in the canine digestive system, such as:

· Bifidobacterium animalis
· Bifidobacterium lactis
· Enterococcus faecium
· Lactobacillus acidophilus
· Lactobacillus casei 1

When a pet is suffering from stomach problems, there is a chance that harmful microbes are outnumbering beneficial ones. Diarrhea, gas, and other problems are often the unpleasant results. When beneficial bacteria are destroyed or damaged, stomach problems and other health issues can result.2

How Can Probiotics Help Your Dog?

Some experts believe in pet probiotics wholeheartedly, while the jury is still out for others. Researchers in Ireland conducted a study in 2009 involving dogs suffering from diarrhea. The study consisted of 31 participants, including Labradors, golden retrievers and German shepherds. Of those, 13 of the dogs were given probiotics containing the Bifidobacterium animalis bacterial strain. The average duration of their diarrhea decreased from seven days to four.3

Advocates of dog probiotics claim these products can provide several benefits. These include:

· Protection against bad bacteria

Probiotics can keep harmful bacteria from accumulating in the gastrointestinal tract, or “gut.” It is believed they do this by reducing the pH of the intestines. They also help by nourishing the cells in the intestines.4

· Reducing diarrhea attacks

Bad microbes and parasites can contribute to diarrhea in dogs. Because probiotics inhibit the accumulation of harmful microbes in the gut, they create a healthy gut environment. They restore the balance between good and bad bacteria, helping to reduce the chances that diarrhea will strike.5

· Boosting the immune system

Researchers conducted a study to examine the effect that probiotics have on the canine immune system. They fed one group of puppies a regular diet, and gave the other group a diet that included a strain of good bacteria known as Enterococcus faecium.

They measured the amount of distemper virus antibodies in each puppy at the start of the study. (Antibodies are proteins that help protect the body from intruders known as antigens). After 20 weeks, the puppies given the traditional diet showed a decrease in the antibodies. The group fed the probiotic, on the other hand, did not.6

dog probiotics | Probiotic America

Should You Give Your Dog Yogurt?

Some pet owners give their pets yogurt when diarrhea or other intestinal problems strike. The benefits are negligible at best – and potentially even harmful.7

In order to be beneficial, a probiotic has to be strong enough to restore the proper balance between good and bad bacteria. But there are not enough bacterial cultures in yogurt to produce that balance in a dog’s system.

The reason is that the bacteria added to yogurt have almost no probiotic benefits. They are simply not strong enough to be much use to a dog’s digestive system. The types of bacteria that are most beneficial to dogs usually do not function well when added to yogurt.

In addition, yogurt, of course, is a dairy product that contains lactose. But dogs cannot produce as much lactase (the enzyme responsible for breaking down lactose) as humans. This can create an issue with a dog’s digestive system – if you’ve ever given a dog yogurt, and he promptly threw it up, that’s likely why it happened. Yogurt also typically contains other ingredients that could be harmful to dogs with sensitive systems, such as sugars and calcium.8

Choosing the Right Probiotics for Dogs

It is extremely important that owners considering probiotics for dogs do their due diligence to help ensure they are purchasing the right product for their companions. Many brands either contain potentially harmful impurities, or they may not have high enough quantities of beneficial bacteria to do your dog any good.

Check the label of any dog probiotics you are considering to make sure exactly what bacteria are included. In general, the more strains of good bacteria that are included, the better the chances they will be able to protect your dog from harmful strains.9 Look for these “good” strains of bacteria in any probiotic product you’re considering:

· L. plantarum
· L. salivarius
· Lactic Streptococci
· Lactobacillus caucasicus
· Lactobacillus rhamnosus 10

The labeling should also provide information on the number of colony forming units (CFUs) per gram and per serving. CFU is a method of measuring the number of beneficial bacteria in a probiotic product. Each gram of the probiotic you purchase for your dog should at least have 20 million CFUs.11

If you can find a product with billions of CFUs, however, that would be better. The reason is that good bacteria have a very difficult time travelling through the stomach and small intestine to the large intestine, where they ultimately live. If a probiotic has a CFU number in the billions, that increases the chances enough bacteria will be able to survive the journey.

Dealing With Canine Diarrhea

Even if you give a dog probiotics on a regular basis, he still might have to deal with diarrhea. An attack can be a major headache for a dog owner. But it’s not exactly pleasant for the dog, either. Here’s some information on why it happens, and what you can do about it.

One of the most common causes of diarrhea in a dog is when he eats too much of something, or gets into something he shouldn’t. This could be garbage, or it could be rotten food. In some cases, a change in diet can lead to an attack. It can sometimes take a few days for your dog to adjust to his new food.

Whenever you change your dog’s diet, do it gradually. Start by mixing a small amount of new food with the old. Then increase to about a 50/50 split between new and old. After a few days, he should be eating the new food exclusively.12

Other common causes of diarrhea in dogs include parasites (such as hookworms and roundworms), allergies, or swallowing something that is indigestible.

This could be a sock, a toy, or just about anything else. Stress can cause canine diarrhea, as can medications, a bacterial infection, or a viral infection. In severe instances, a serious illness could be to blame.

There are a few remedies you can try in order to help deal with the problem without having to go to the vet. First, don’t feed your dog for 12-24 hours. Give him small amounts of water several times during the day. This could help clear up his upset stomach and settle his gastrointestinal tract. If your dog is a puppy or elderly, or if he’s a small dog, then you need to talk to your vet before withholding food.

Once his “mini-fast” is done, give him some food to help firm his stools. These include bland foods like white rice, boiled chicken (take off the skin first), and canned pumpkin.13

dog probiotics | Probiotic America

When to See Your Vet

If you try these remedies and your dog still has diarrhea, then you need to take him to the vet. This is especially important if there is blood in the diarrhea, or if your dog has a fever or is also vomiting. Be prepared to provide your vet with important information. This includes what your dog’s bowel movements look like, how many he’s had in the last couple of days, and when the diarrhea started.

Your vet will need to determine the cause of the problem. That way, they can decide on the best course of treatment. The vet will check your dog’s medical history, such as vaccinations and previous medications. They may then recommend a type of test known as a fecal flotation. This checks for the presence of worms, parasites, or harmful bacteria. Other types of tests may be needed if your vet suspects that a viral disease may be to blame.14

There are a lot of different treatment options for canine diarrhea. If the problem occurs regularly, then your vet might recommend a permanent change to your dog’s diet. If it appears that a worm is to blame, your vet will prescribe a medication to kill it. Worms can be very difficult to kill, so medications may be needed several times over the next few months. If the cause is a bacterial infection, your dog may receive antibiotics.

The Final Word

As with any decision involving the health of your dog, check with your vet before purchasing a pet probiotic. They will likely be able to recommend specific probiotics that will deliver the most benefits, and will also let your know if your dog will be able to tolerate whatever product you ultimately choose.

Keep reading for more about probiotic benefits:

NEWS: Probiotics May Provide Help with Allergies